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Sudan Military Council and opposition Freedom and Change Alliance sign peace agreement on Constitutional Declaration | Coastweek

KHARTOUM Sudan (Xinhua) -- Mohamed Hamdan Daqlu [second right], deputy chairman of Sudan's Transitional Military Council (TMC), and Ahmed Rabie [third left], a leading member in the opposition Freedom and Change Alliance, sign a deal on the constitutional declaration in Khartoum. Looking on [far right] is African Union Envoy to Sudan Mohamed Hacen Lebatt. Sudan's TMC and the opposition Freedom and Change Alliance on Sunday signed an agreement on the constitutional declaration that organizes work of transitional government institutions. XINHUA PHOTO - MOHAMED KHIDIR

Sudan Military Council and opposition Freedom and Change
Alliance sign peace agreement on Constitutional Declaration

by Fayez Elzaki Hassan KHARTOUM Sudan (Xinhua) -- Sudan’s Transitional Military Council (TMC) and the opposition Freedom and Change Alliance on Sunday signed an agreement on the constitutional declaration that organizes work of transitional government institutions.

The deal was initialled by Mohamed Hamdan Daqlu, deputy chairman of the TMC, and Ahmed Rabie, a leading member in the Freedom and Change Alliance.

The African Union Envoy Mohamed Hacen Lebatt and the Ethiopian Envoy Mahmud Dirir signed on the document as witnesses.
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.African Union Envoy to Sudan Mohamed Hacen Lebatt | Coastweek

  "With the signing of the agreement, we have closed a difficult page in the history of Sudan," said Daqlu during the signing ceremony.

"We entered into the negotiations as two parties and came out as one team with no winner or loser because the interest of the homeland tops everything else," he added.

Omer Al-Digair, a leading member in the Freedom and Change Alliance, said the agreement paves the way for establishment of the government institutions.

The priority during the transitional period is to achieve comprehensive national reconciliation and build peace in the country, he noted.

For his part, Lebatt called on the Sudanese people to preserve independence of their decision-making and prevent foreign intervention in Sudan’s internal affairs, while Dirir said the transitional government is concerned with achieving peace with the armed movements.

 
KHARTOUM Sudan (Xinhua) -- The African Union Envoy to Sudan Mohamed Hacen Lebatt speaks during a press briefing in Khartoum, Sudan.  XINHUA PHOTO - MOHAMED KHIDIR
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The final signing of the constitutional declaration would take place on Aug. 17, the Ethiopian envoy noted.

According to the constitutional document, the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces are led by the army commander who belongs to the sovereignty council, while the Police Forces and the General Intelligence Service are under supervision of the sovereignty council and the council of minters.

The document also stipulates the establishment of a legislative council with 67 percent of seats for the Freedom and Change Alliance and 33 percent for the other opposition parties.
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UPDATES:

African Union commend both Sudanese parties for
'placing national interests above all considerations'

ADDIS ABABA Ethiopia (Xinhua) -- The African Union (AU) on Monday commended Sudan’s military council and opposition alliance for "placing the country’s interests above all other considerations" by signing an agreement on the constitutional declaration.

The remark was made by the AU Commission Chairperson, Moussa Faki Mahamat, who commended the Sudanese parties for reaching an important agreement that lays the foundations for a democratic transition in the country, the AU said in a statement.

On Sunday, Sudan’s Transitional Military Council (TMC) and the Freedom and Change Alliance signed an agreement on the constitutional declaration which includes the establishment of a transitional government for a period of 39 months.

"This development lays the foundations for a democratic transition with a civilian-led government and is an important achievement for Africa in its desire to solve its own problems," Faki stressed.

Faki also urged all bilateral and multilateral partners to redouble their efforts to provide Sudan and its transitional authorities with the necessary support.

He also reiterated the "continued commitment of the African Union to support the people and authorities in Sudan in their quest for peace, reconciliation and prosperity."

The AU has called for the need for a Sudanese-owned process, and frequently urged foreign actors to refrain from interference in Sudan’s internal politics since the military ouster of former Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir in April this year after months of street protests.

The signed agreement on the constitutional declaration, among other things, commits the transitional government to work to achieve comprehensive peace and justice, and end the war by addressing the root causes of the Sudanese problem and tackling its effects.

The document further stipulates that the transitional government works to achieve legal reform, rebuild and improve the legal and judicial system and ensure independence of the judiciary and sovereignty of law.

Regarding external relations, the document stipulated setting up a balanced foreign policy while preserving the country’s sovereignty, security and borders.

Meanwhile, the document determines the powers of the sovereignty council and the establishment of a council of ministers with executive powers.

The document, which stipulates that the prime minister should be selected by the Freedom and Change Alliance and approved by the sovereignty council, also provides that 67 percent of the seats of the legislative council go to the Freedom and Change Alliance and the rest to the other parties which contributed to the revolution.
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Egypt welcomes agreement on constitutional declaration in Sudan

CAIRO Egypt (Xinhua) -- Egypt welcomed on Sunday the Sudanese agreement on the constitutional declaration for a new period of transitional government.

In a statement, the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs hailed the agreement between Sudan’s Freedom and Change Alliance and the Transitional Military Council (TMC), describing the deal as an important step toward achieving security and stability in Sudan.

Egypt fully supports the choices and aspirations of the Sudanese people as well as the state institutions, the statement said, adding Cairo will continue to support the Sudanese people.

The recent steps taken in Sudan, including the agreement on the constitutional declaration and the agreement to form a civilian government, prove that Sudan is back on the constitutional path, the statement noted.

After these recent measures, the suspension of Sudan’s membership in the African Union should be lifted, it said.

The AU Envoy to Sudan Mohamed Hacen Lebatt on Saturday announced that Sudan’s Freedom and Change Alliance and the TMC reached a full agreement on the constitutional declaration.

Also on Saturday, the alliance said in a statement that the constitutional declaration would be signed after completing its final formulation on Sunday.

According to the constitutional document, the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces are led by the army commander who belongs to the sovereignty council, while the Police Forces and the General Intelligence Service are under supervision of the sovereignty council and the council of minters.

The document also stipulates the establishment of a legislative council with 67 percent of seats for the Freedom and Change Alliance and 33 percent for the other opposition parties.
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Ethiopia says committed to mediation efforts in Sudan’s peace process

ADDIS ABABA Ethiopia (Xinhua) -- The Ethiopian government on Sunday reiterated its resolve to continue mediation efforts as Sudan’s military council and opposition alliance agreed on the constitutional declaration.

"Ethiopia’s mediation was important since the country has been accepted by all forces in Sudan politics to reach this political agreement," Ethiopia’s state-news agency ENA quoted Nebiat Getachew, Spokesperson of the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as saying on Sunday.

"Since the beginning of the political crisis in Sudan, Ethiopia has been closely following the situation and was immediately on the ground to support the restoration of peace in the country, in which the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s proposal was accepted by the military and the opposition on June 7," Getachew added.

Getachew, who noted Ethiopia’s "pivotal role" in the process towards bringing the political declaration for transition, said that "Ethiopia’s proposal of arbitration was different and prioritized Sudanese sovereignty and the interest of Sudanese people."

"That is why the efforts brought fruitful results," the spokesperson stressed, as he described Ethiopia’s efforts to have received positive acceptance from the Sudanese people as well as peace negotiators from both sides.

Noting that issues in the peace deal have now transformed into the next episode that would enable it to ensure lasting peace and security in the African country, Getachew also stressed that "we all wish Sudan’s problem would be solved and the country will enter into stability."

"Ethiopia’s support for inclusive talks between the parties will continue as Sudan is a critical partner, neighbor and sister country," the spokesperson stressed.

Getachew’s comments regarding Ethiopia’s continued resolve to strengthen its peace mediation efforts came as Sudan’s opposition Freedom and Change Alliance and the Transitional Military Council (TMC) reached a full agreement on a constitutional declaration, ushering in a new period for the transitional government.

The "full agreement" between Sudan’s military council and opposition alliance on a constitutional declaration was confirmed by the African Union (AU) Envoy to Sudan, Mohamed Hacen Lebatt, while addressing a press conference in Sudan’s capital Khartoum on Saturday.

"I’m very pleased to announce for the Sudanese, national, international and African public opinion that the two delegations have fully agreed on the constitutional document," Lebatt said.

The constitutional declaration mainly stipulated the powers of the sovereignty council, the prime minister and the legislative council during the transitional period.

It also addresses affiliation of the security and military bodies as well as the commissions of elections, border and peace.

The Ethiopian government’s positive role towards bringing the disputing Sudanese parties to an agreement has been also recently commended by Sudan.

Last week, the Governor of Sudan’s Blue Nile State, Major General Ahmed Abdurahim, who noted the ongoing peace process in Sudan as an "essential imperative" to the country’s future, commended Ethiopia’s effort towards resolving the political differences among Sudanese political parties.

Abdurahim, in particular, commended Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for his "efforts to resolve the challenges Sudan has been facing."

"Though separated by artificial boundaries, Ethiopia and Sudan are tied together in marriage and culture over the years," Abdurahim said during a consultative meeting that brought together senior officials from Ethiopia’s western Benishangul-Gumuz regional state and the Blue Nile State of Sudan in Ethiopia’s Assosa city.
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EARLIER REPORTS:

Sudan military council and opposition alliance agree on constitutional declaration

KHARTOUM Sudan (Xinhua) -- Sudan’s opposition Freedom and Change Alliance and the Transitional Military Council (TMC) have reached a full agreement on a constitutional declaration, ushering in a new period for the transitional government, African Union (AU) Envoy to Sudan Mohamed Hacen Lebatt said on Saturday.

"I’m very pleased to announce for the Sudanese, national, international and African public opinion that the two delegations have fully agreed on the constitutional document," Lebatt told a press conference in Khartoum.

"The two sides will continue their technical meetings this evening to finalize the technical arrangements for the official signing ceremony before the Sudanese people," he added.

The constitutional declaration stipulates the powers of the sovereignty council, the prime minister and the legislative council during the transitional period. It also addresses affiliation of the security and military bodies as well as the commissions of elections, border and peace.

On July 17, the TMC and the opposition alliance signed a political declaration which determines the political structures of the transitional period. It stipulates the establishment of a joint sovereignty council of 11 members, including five civilians, five military representatives and one civilian to be selected through mutual consultation.
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Optimism prevails in Sudan ahead of constitutional declaration meeting

KHARTOUM Sudan (Xinhua) -- Optimism is prevailing in Sudan ahead of a meeting on Friday evening between Sudan’s Transitional Military Council (TMC) and the opposition Freedom and Change Alliance regarding the constitutional declaration.

It is widely believed that Friday’s new round of talks would witness the signing of the constitutional declaration between the two sides.

After a meeting which began on Thursday and ended on Friday morning, the negotiating parties gave positive statements, indicating the possibility of reaching consensus over the constitutional document.

Earlier in the day, the African Union Envoy to Sudan Mohamed Hacen Lebatt told reporters that the meeting had made great strides over the constitutional declaration and agreed on most of the items of the constitutional declaration.

Commending the national spirit which characterized the talks, he promised the Sudanese people that a comprehensive agreement between the two parties is imminent.

Ibrahim Al-Amin, a leading member in the Freedom and Change Alliance, also told reporters that the two sides had reached consensus over most of the constitutional declaration.

"On Saturday, you will hear good news about the results of these talks which will lead us to forming a civilian government," he said.

Meanwhile, the Sudan Call Forces, one of the main components of the Freedom and Change Alliance, highlighted in a statement the importance of joint work to quickly endorse the constitutional declaration and give priority to the establishment of the sovereignty council and appointment of the prime minister.

The constitutional document includes powers of the sovereignty council and the prime minister during the transitional period.

On July 17, the TMC and the opposition alliance signed a political declaration which determines the political structures of the transitional period.

It stipulates the establishment of a joint sovereignty council of 11 members, including five civilians, five military representatives and one civilian to be selected through mutual consultation.
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FURTHER READING:

Sudan’ Pro-Democracy Movement has signed a landmark
power-sharing deal with the country’s ruling military council

           

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