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KILWA KISIWANI Tanzania (Xinhua) -- Photos taken on November 13, 2018 show the ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani in Tanzania. Located on an island just off the Tanzanian coast about 300 kilometers south of Dar es Salaam are the remains of the port city Kilwa Kisiwani. It was occupied from the 9th to the 19th century and reached its peak of prosperity in the 13th and 14th centuries. It is a popular beach attraction for both local and foreign visitors. XINHUA PHOTOS - LI SIBOI

Tanzania confirm ambitious plan for promoting Beach Tourism

DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua) -- Tanzanian Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa announced on Thursday that the government was in final touches of establishing a beach management directorate aimed at promoting beach tourism in the east African country.

"We instructed the ministry responsible for tourism to ensure that we improve our lakes and sea beaches for the country’s development and the ministry is working on the instructions and a new directorate to regulate beach tourism will be formed soon," Majaliwa told the National Assembly in the capital Dodoma.

Majaliwa acknowledged that Tanzania was not doing well when it came to beach tourism despite the country’s abundant lake and sea beaches.

The premier observed that beach tourism was doing much better in the Zanzibar archipelago than on mainland Tanzania.

He said the directorate will oversee the construction of luxury hotels and malls along beach areas to attract more tourists and investors.

He added that Tanzania has decided to come up with strong strategies to efficiently explore available opportunities in beach tourism to boost the national economy.

Tourism is the largest foreign exchange earner of Tanzania, contributing an average of 2 billion U.S. dollars annually, which is equivalent to 25 percent of all exchange earnings, according to the government data.

It also contributes to more than 17 percent of the national gross domestic product and creating more than 1.5 million jobs, 500,000 of which are direct.

A report released in June 2017 rated Tanzania’s tourism industry as one of the fastest growing sectors in the country with figures showing a surge on tourist arrivals.

The 2016 International Visitors’ Exit Survey Report indicated that the number of tourists who visited the country continued to rise.

The report was jointly compiled by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, the Bank of Tanzania, the National Bureau of Statistics, the Immigration Department and the Zanzibar Commission for Tourism.

The report showed that Tanzania hosted at least 1.2 million tourists in 2016, compared to 1.1 million in 2015, which was an increase of 12 percent.

The report showed revenues from the tourism industry have been increasing year after year with 2.1 billion U.S. dollars in 2016 against 1.9 billion dollars in 2015.


AfDB and Tanzania sign over US $150  million dollars loan
agreements to support development projects: official

DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua) -- The African Development Bank (AfDB) on Thursday signed three agreements amounting to 156 million U.S. dollars with the government of Tanzania to support major development projects, said a senior official.

Speaking shortly after the signing of the agreements in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and Planning, Dotto James, said the AfDB loans had favorable conditions.

He said out of the 156 million U.S. dollars loan, 123 million U.S. dollars were earmarked for the construction of the North-West electricity transmission line, 13 million U.S. dollars for an initiative to prevent aflatoxins contamination in grains and 20 million U.S. dollars for the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program.

"The loans from the AfDB have friendly terms.

"Their interest is almost zero and the loan repayment period is 40 years," said James.

Alex Mubiru, the AfDB Country Manager, said the North-West power transmission line was intended to improve power supply in Kigoma region at lower energy production costs.

"This will relieve Tanzania Electric Supply Company of a financial burden of about 9.44 million U.S. dollars spent annually on running diesel power generators in Kigoma and Kasulu," said Mubiru.

This year, the AfDB has signed loan agreements amounting to 213.4 million U.S. dollars to support key projects in the nation.

Tanzania ratifies African Charter on Statistics to spur investment

ARUSHA, Tanzania, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) -- Tanzanian parliament on Wednesday ratified the African Charter on Statistics in order to promote investment in the nation.

Presenting the proposal on the charter in the ongoing parliamentary sessions in the country’s capital Dodoma, Tanzania’s Finance and Planning Minister, Phillip Mpango said that the ratification of the charter will improve the collection and dissemination of official statistics, and the demand and use of the data will also be increased.

He said that the African Charter on Statistics provided credible data that are produced regularly, and covered political, economic, social and cultural dimensions of the African integration process.

"The country’s statisticians will be trained on modern technologies to improve accuracy of official statistics needed in evaluating the National Development Plan," said Mpango.

Mashimba Ndaki, Vice Chairman of the Parliamentary Budget Committee, said that the ratification of the Charter will also promote political, social and cultural development in Tanzania.

The committee also advised the Tanzanian government to supervise the transparency and quality in disseminating statistics.

The document of the African Charter on Statistics was later endorsed by the National Assembly.

The African Charter on Statistics was adopted by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government at the 12th ordinary session of the African Union in 2009.

Tanzanian scientists in new drive to control rodents in crop fields

ARUSHA Tanzania (Xinhua) -- Tanzanian scientists are working on a research that could see cat urine odour used to control rodents in crop fields across the country for the first time.

Loth Mulungu, a researcher from the Pest Management Centre at Morogoro-based Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) said the study on the potential new rodent management strategy is due for completion by March next year.

According to Mulungu, the technology aims at providing a long term solution to rodent pests compared to lethal control methods such as the use of rodenticides.

The research is funded by the Tanzanian government through the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (Costech).

He said that the rodents need a long term strategy as they have the potential to breed quickly and infest crops leading to serious economic damage.

"In Tanzania, damage to crops is largely attributed to Mastomys natalensis in fields and Rattus rattus in stores," Mulungu said in an interview.

"Currently, reducing the size of rodent pest populations generally relies on lethal control methods, including the use of rodenticides.

"These methods, however, provide only a short-term solution because the colony soon recovers and the problems posed by the rodent persist," he added.

The researcher further said that the methods are often uneconomical, environmentally hazardous hence, socially unacceptable.

He said that there are increasing demands for effective, non-lethal approaches to be developed.

Non-lethal management technology would produce a significant decrease in rodent pest activity within sensitive (crop fields) area and, in the longer-term, reduce the numbers of problem of rodents in the vicinity.

Chemical repellents signals could produce an immediate avoidance response in rodent pests and hence restricting the growth of problem populations in a crop field.

Ladslaus Mnyone, Director for the pest management centre at SUA also said the research done by Tanzanian scientists should be given priority because they have direct impact on the general public.

"These researches are good because they are building capacity to our researchers and the students in different levels.

"Our research targets solving challenges facing the general public such as the farmers," he said.

Amos Nungu, Costech’s director general said that the study will help to address the farmers’ challenges.

"We are looking forward to seeing the final results so that we can take it to the end users, which, in this case, it is the farmers," he said.

Early this year, rodents were reported to have destroyed over 17,000 hectares of food and cash crops in Tanzania’s eastern district of Kilosa.


Kilwa Kivinje copper coin found on Australian island
- could be oldest artefact in continental history


Kilwa Sultanate was Medieval dynasty based at Kilwa island off Tanzania

Kilwa Kisiwani has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site



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