NAIROBI (Xinhua) --
Kenya’s ability to meet the rising demand for
clean drinking water amid rapid population growth hinges on
adoption of appropriate technologies and innovations to boost
management of the commodity, experts said on Thursday evening at
a forum in Nairobi.
The experts said
that innovations that enhance water use among households and
industries are required to prevent conflicts linked to sharing
of a resource that is diminishing in the face of climate change
and population pressure.
country manager for Watercap, a network of water sector
professionals, said that investments in water-saving
technologies and innovations could hasten universal access to
the commodity in Kenya.
“Our water coverage
has remained constant in the last decade, yet we are adding 1
million people to the country’s population annually. This calls
for improved water management through harnessing appropriate
technologies to tackle scarcity in rural areas and unplanned
settlements in cities,” said Wangai.
He spoke in Nairobi
during a national workshop on strengthening communication of
water science and policies attended by environmentalists and
Wangai noted that
Kenya remained a water-scarce nation due to over-extraction of
the commodity at the source to meet competing demands in
agriculture and manufacturing sectors.
“The per capita
water availability in Kenya is among the lowest in the region
and therefore we must explore technologies to promote efficient
use of the scarce resource,” said Wangai.
robust policies and regulations to facilitate investments in
sustainable water management to achieve economic growth.
Jackline Ndiiri, a
Nairobi-based environmentalist, said homegrown innovations are
required to address water scarcity that is to blame for mounting
poverty, disease outbreaks and skirmishes in the arid regions.
“We need to adopt
water harvesting and storage technologies to overcome scarcity
that is retarding development and fuelling conflicts in the arid
and semi-arid (ASAL) regions,” said Ndiiri.
She noted that
investments in waste water treatment technologies are key to
tackle scarcity that is rampant in mushrooming urban informal