NAIROBI (Xinhua) --
An international birds conservation group has
blamed extinction of birds in Africa to poisoning,
electrocution, collision with energy poles and sale of bird
parts for belief-based uses.
International said in its latest State of Africa’s Birds report
released in Nairobi on Friday that one in nine bird species in
Africa are facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
threatened birds such as Vultures and Grey Parrots have declined
by over 90 percent in the last four decades,” the report says.
The report says that
vultures are mainly facing threats from poisoning in Botswana,
Kenya, and Zimbabwe.
It notes that
through BirdLife Africa partnership measures are being put in
place for reducing, detecting and minimizing impacts of vulture
“Vulture Safe Zones
are also being established in Zambia, with 250,000 ha already
having been secured through dialogue with landowners,” said the
The organization has
also raised awareness and advocacy against vulture trade for
belief-based use in Nigeria, and undertaken research as well as
lobbying for consideration of the needs of vultures in the
development of wind energy projects in Egypt and Kenya.
The report names
other threats facing birds and biodiversity in the continent as
agricultural expansion, infrastructural development, logging,
over-exploitation of natural resources, urbanization, pollution,
disturbance and invasive alien species.
“All of these
activities though profitable in the general sense are instead
driving bird declines and diminishing natural resources,” it
observed that Albatross Task Force (ATF), an initiative it set
up and includes an international team of experts and working
alongside fisheries stakeholders in reducing high rates of
seabird bycatch, has proven to be successful, having reduced
albatross bycatch in South Africa by 99 percent.
The report calls on
African governments to collaborate with local experts and
community members towards a common conservation agenda based on
scientific and socio-economic facts in achieving far-reaching
and enduring impacts.
BirdLife said that
it will continue to support African member states by providing
information to support informed decision making, as well as
BirdLife has in the
past successfully advocated for the uplifting of Grey Parrot
(Endangered) from Appendix II to Appendix I of the Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).
It is currently
supporting African state parties to the Convention of Biological
Diversity (CBD) to develop and implement National Biodiversity
Strategies and Action Plans in order to attain the 20 Aichi