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Zanzibar archipelago now grappling with rapid Population Growth | Coastweek

ZANZIBAR Tanzania (Xinhua) -- A boat passes in the sea during the sunset near Zanzibar, Tanzania. The 2,461-square-kilometer archipelago, which is home to 1.3 million people, must contain the population growth if it has to contribute effectively to Tanzania dream of becoming a middle-income economy by 2025. XINHUA PHOTO - ZHAI JIANLAN

Zanzibar archipelago now grappling with rapid Population Growth

ARUSHA Tanzania (Xinhua) -- Tanzania’s semi-autonomous Zanzibar archipelago is grappling with the rapid population growth by encouraging islanders to embrace modern family planning methods, an official said on Monday.

Speaking ahead of the World Population Day on Wednesday, Zanzibar’s Urban West Regional Commissioner Ayoub Mohammed Mahmoud said the rapid population growth threatens the development.

According to Mahmoud, Zanzibar’s population growth rate has increased to 2.8 percent per year, slightly higher than Tanzania mainland’s 2.7 percent.

"Zanzibar’s population growth does not match the speed of economic growth.

"The situation threatens development and the well-being of residents." the official said.

The 2,461-square-kilometer archipelago, which is home to 1.3 million people, must contain the population growth if it has to contribute effectively to Tanzania dream of becoming a middle-income economy by 2025, said Mahmoud.

"Most of people in Zanzibar do not use any of the family planning methods.

"Those engaged in family planning are mostly from Urban West region, and people in South Pemba and South Unguja are not used to such methods," said the official.

The World Population day, observed on July 11 every year, seeks to focus on the importance of population and health issues.

The theme for this year is "Family Planning is a Human Right."


Zanzibar targets higher rice self-sufficiency by 2020

ARUSHA Tanzania (Xinhua) -- Tanzania’s semi-autonomous Zanzibar archipelago is set to achieve 60-percent rice self-sufficiency by increasing productivity in the next two years, a senior official said Tuesday.

Rashid Ali Juma, Zanzibar’s Minister for Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, and Natural Resources, revealed this after launching the rice harvesting season in the Indian Ocean archipelago.

He said that the country is only 39.7-percent self-sufficient in rice and is targeting to achieve 60 percent rice self-sufficiency by 2020.

He said that the Isles’ government has been putting great emphasis on rice growing by empowering rice growers with best agronomic practices for higher productivity.

Rice is the main staple food in Zanzibar, which consists of the islands of Zanzibar or Unjuga, Pemba and other smaller islands.

"We’re encouraging farmers to venture into a system of rice intensification (SRI) to boost production so that we reduce rice importation as we’re doing now," he said.

He said that the government intends to build irrigation infrastructures in an area of about 193 hectares.

Mariam Juma, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, and Natural Resources described SRI, as one of the best farming techniques aimed at increasing the yield of rice.

It is a low-water, labor-intensive method that uses younger seedlings singly spaced and typically hand weeded with special tools.

According to her, a total of 45,000 tonnes of rice are expected to be harvested in this harvesting season, compared to 20,600 tonnes five years ago.

Tanzania consider plan to develop beaches to attract more tourists

DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua) -- The government of Tanzania said Saturday it was in the process of establishing a beach management authority to improve beach tourism in the East African nation.

Hamisi Kigwangalla, minister of natural resources and tourism, said currently beach tourism was doing much better in Zanzibar than on mainland Tanzania.

"Beach tourism is not being promoted on mainland Tanzania with its abundant potential," he told a news conference in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam.

He said Tanzania has decided to come up with strong strategies in order to efficiently explore available opportunities in beach tourism to boost the national economy.

Kigwangalla said the beach management authority will manage and improve all beaches to attract more tourists and investors.

A report released in June 2017 rated Tanzania’s tourism industry as one of the fastest growing sectors in the country with figures showing a surge on tourist arrivals.

The 2016 International Visitors’ Exit Survey Report indicated that the number of tourists who visited the country continued to rise.

The report was jointly compiled by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, the Bank of Tanzania, the National Bureau of Statistics, the Immigration Department and the Zanzibar Commission for Tourism.

The report showed that Tanzania hosted at least 1.2 million tourists in 2016, compared to 1.1 million in 2015, which was an increase of 12 percent.

The report showed revenues from the tourism industry have been increasing year after year with 2.1 billion U.S. dollars in 2016 against 1.9 billion dollars in 2015.

Tourism has been Tanzania’s largest foreign exchange earner since 2012, contributing an average of 2 billion dollars annually, which is equivalent to 25 percent of all exchange earnings, according to government data.



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