Coastweek -- Most
people seek to park as close as possible to the location where
their activity is going to take place,
writes TETI KAMUGUNDA.
The location of parking in built up areas is an evolving
science though at a slow pace.
What people do in parking is also very interesting and it
is this that triggered the direction things will take this week.
First however, is the science – and art - of providing
an issue long before the motor car hit the street.
By building up or living in organised spaces, everything had to
be kept in its own space.
In early days the first evidence of eth need to control the use
of space by objects used for carriage was the construction of
pens for work animals.
In this way, one would “park” the beasts of burden in a given
place and return to find them where they were supposed to be and
continue on their way.
Animals that were used for ploughing or carrying goods such as
cattle, horses, donkeys, yaks, llamas, elephants and so forth
were all corralled into a controlled space so that they could be
easily accessible when needed.
The next evolution
of this comes from what I remember seeing as the Wild West
habits of cowboys when they arrived at a town or even at the
locations where they would camp.
Whenever it was, they would look for the nearest solid looking
object and would tether their steeds on it.
However, tethering of animals was a practice that had been in
place for nearly ten thousand years so the Wild West was more of
romantic presentation of an age old reality.
The need for
organised places to keep one’s transport is what developed into
the tethering stations that one found in built up areas.
In time, it became apparent that it was necessary to develop
rules as to how the owners and operators of tethering stations
in public areas should behave or operate their facilities.
Animals would leave their droppings all over the place and the
operators of the facility would allow nature to work as it
should and take care of the waste.
There was also the piling of straw and water so that the animals
could be fed and watered.
Fast forward to
the early part of the twentieth century when horse drawn
carriages and buses were the main means of getting humans and
goods around in cities.
This created an even bigger problem than that of the parking
The problem of using horses in city streets can be illustrated
by the fact that each horse would produce between seven and
fifteen kilogrammes of manure every day and all the horses used
for transport in the city would produce it willy-nilly.
They would also produce about five litres of urine per day
sprinkling it wherever they had the urge.
activity by the horses led to the proliferation of flies and
other pests that would be a nuisance to the public and other
animals and in many cases also spread disease.
Transport became a major problem in those days.
This is not any different from today only the cause of the
problem is different.
The end result for a lot of innocent bystanders is the same in
many ways – congestion, disease and illness.
The big problem
with the use of horses in urban areas led to the promulgation of
legislation that governed the use of horses and horse drawn
carriages in the cities that were choking under the burden of
both the beat and its “effluent”.
Within this legislation was the rules about where they could be
“tethered” or parked and how these places would be looked after,
given the magnitude of pollution that this mode of carriage
created at that time.
from the nineteenth century is what was the predecessor to a lot
of the legislation that we see in many parts of the world that
governs the use of vehicles in towns and also the provision of
parking spaces and their management.
What has changed is mainly the form of carriage and special
needs of the types of carriage but the general principles apply
– hat of efficiency in the use of space, the cleanliness of the
space, the duration of use and increasingly the health safety
and environmental consideration in the use of the space.
With the explosion
in the growth of traffic in cities, the legislation on the use
of spaces to park vehicles has evolved in many different
directions and management of traffic, whether people or vehicles
has become highly technical too the extent that research is done
on prediction of the direction of human behaviour and then
anticipating their mobility needs and designing the whole
universe of mobility in a proactive way.
Most of the designs are reactive and are premised on how people
have been and a projection of where they are likely to end up in
terms of their mobility needs.
However, it is increasingly becoming proactive where the
researchers and the designers are seeking to change our
behaviour through the way they design the use of space in
says, human conditioning can come in many different ways.
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