By Lyu Tianran, James Gashumba
and Mohammed M. Mupenda KIGALI RWANDA (Xinhua) --
Twenty-four years after the Rwandan
genocide that killed over 1 million people, Rwanda has
risen from a devastated nation to what is seen as a
“model and miracle” of development.
country’s economy was almost at a “zero stage” after the
genocide, but now the country has recovered from the
genocide and is moving ahead, experts have said. The
World Bank said the small country has achieved
“impressive development gains” since the 1994 genocide
and civil war.
makes Rwanda achieve its gains after the genocide?
stability helps the country to attract investors, which
also boosts the country’s economic stability, said
Ismael Buchanan, Dean of the School of Economics and
Governance at the University of Rwanda.
In the last
10 years, registered investments in Rwanda have jumped
from 800 million dollars in 2007 to 1.675 billion
dollars in 2017, which is an increase of more than 100
percent in only a decade, according to the Rwanda
Development Board (RDB).
stability is almost certainly one of major pressing
factors that every investor must consider before
deciding to risk their hard-earned cash, Buchanan told
Xinhua. Unstable and unpredictable political
environments hinder investment returns and do not allow
for long-term planning, he added.
was a deeply divided nation in desperate need of
economic and political reconstruction in 1994. Since
then, Kagame has established firm personal control over
Rwandan politics, generating the political stability
needed for economic renewal,” said Buchanan.
sector in Rwanda has seen the highest peak in the last
two years because of Rwanda’s stability and people enjoy
staying in Rwanda, said Teddy Kaberuka, a Rwanda-based
to Rwanda not only for investment but also for meetings
and seminars and for holidays with its uniqueness of
endangered mountain gorillas, said Kaberuka.
tourism remains the backbone of Rwanda’s tourism and
conservation industry. In the last nine years, gorilla
tourism has generated 107 million U.S. dollars to
Rwanda, said RDB in January. From 2006 to 2017, over
298,000 tourists have visited the Volcanoes National
Park, said RDB.
governance contributes to Rwanda’s economic performance,
Kaberuka said, adding that the political system of
Rwanda is very clear for what it wants to achieve in the
government put a lot of efforts in reconstruction of the
country after the genocide, putting all the economic
policies which can boost the economy, growing the size
of exports and increasing the production on the
agriculture sector, he told Xinhua.
Buchanan’s opinion, Rwanda has shown its competent
efforts to continuously improve the rule of law,
democracy, effectiveness of government intervention,
fight against corruption, transparency initiatives,
unity, to name but a few.
Recommendable efforts of the current president Paul
Kagame and the Rwandan government contribute to the
country’s impressive progress made in most of sectors,
Tutsi-led rebel force Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)
defeated genocidal regime and took power in 1994, it
didn’t implement revenge policy but see all Rwandan
people as one nation, said Albert Rudatsimburwa, a
political analyst who owns a private TV and radio
station in Rwanda.
Rwanda genocide claimed over 1 million lives, mostly
ethnic Tutsis. After ending the genocide, RPF formed a
coalition government, which brought parties that did not
participate in the genocide together, and started the
journey of reconstruction and reconciliation.
reconciliation status is at 92.5 percent, up from 82.3
percent of five years before, according to Rwanda
Reconciliation Barometer released in 2016 by Rwanda’s
National Unity and Reconciliation Commission.
Buchanan, Rwanda has made enormous strides towards
reconciliation, which is a very big step for the
country, because it brought unity and it really cleaned
out the differences of tribal instincts in the Rwandan
government have initiated programs like “Kwibuka”, an
annual commemoration of the 1994’s genocide.
It has also
adopted a policy of single national identity. Citizens
are registered simply as Rwandans, with no ethnic or
tribal references any more on their identification
also plays a role in reconciliation. Rwandan schools
discourage children from identifying themselves under
ethnicity and instead ask them to focus on building the
future of a common Rwanda, said Buchanan.
Buchanan said that “the road is still long” because
Rwanda still faces its own challenges despite the gains
over the years.
challenges still exist, said Teddy Kaberuka. There are
many things that need to be done in order to raise the
economy, create more employment for the youth, increase
productivity of the farmers to meet their daily needs,
There is a
lot needed in infrastructure development including
constructing more roads and health facilities, said
Rwanda defends its
stance on hosting refugees
KIGALI Rwanda (Xinhua) --
The refugee ministry of Rwanda on
Friday said Rwandan authorities do not need to carry the
burden of refugees who espouse lawlessness, after the
death of a refugee following a clash with the police in
from Kiziba Refugee Camp hosting refugees of the
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) on Wednesday
succumbed to injuries he got when, together with other
refugees, he was trying to interfere with police patrols
elements in the Kiziba Refugee Camp have been stirring
trouble, including attacking law enforcement officers,
in the hope of being resettled in Western countries of
their choice, said Ministry of Disaster Management and
Refugee Affairs in a statement.
authorities cannot decide for other asylum countries,
nor do we need to carry the burden of refugees who
espouse lawlessness. For those refugees who wish to
return to their country of origin, they are free to do
so,” said the statement.
statement said the government of Rwanda in collaboration
with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees and other relevant agencies, remains
willing to host peaceful refugees and provide them the
usual support and benefits on condition that they
respect the rule of law.
government of Rwanda in the statement also said it
deplores the death of the refugee.