DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua) --
The government of Tanzania was in final
talks with the Indian government to secure a 500 million U.S.
dollars loan for undertaking water projects, a senior official
said on Monday.
The east African
nation’s Minister for Water and Irrigation, Isaac Kamwelwe, told
the National Assembly in the capital Dodoma that the water
projects will end shortage of water facing many parts of the
country, the second largest economy in east Africa.
proposals for the Ministry of Water and Irrigation in the House,
Kamwelwe said the government was finalizing talks with the
government of India before signing the loan contract.
He named some of the
areas to benefit from the loan as Muheza, Wanging’ombe,
Makambako, Kayanga, Songea, Zanzibar, Njombe, Mugumu, Manyoni,
Sikonge, Kasulu, Rujewa, Kilwa Masoko, Geita, Chunya and Makonde.
“These areas face
acute water shortages,” said Kamwelwe.
The minister said
the government was in the process of amending water laws to
provide for stiff penalties to those who will be found tampering
with or destroying water infrastructure.
In November last
year, Tanzania’s Minister of State in the Vice-President’s
Office responsible for Environment, January Makamba, directed
all local government authorities in the country to take an
inventory of all water sources for protection.
“The inventory of
water sources will help the government to protect them from
degradation and improve those that have been affected by human
activities,” Makamba told the National Assembly.
He made the remarks
as the latest report by the World Bank revealed that water
scarcity facing Tanzania could derail the east African nation’s
growth and poverty reduction efforts.
“Tanzania needs to
urgently improve the management of its water,” said the World
In its report, the
World Bank said against the rapidly expanding economy and
population in Tanzania, renewable per capita freshwater
resources dropped over the past 25 years from more than 3,000
cubic meters per person to around 1,600 today.
“The decline, which
is driven by increasing demand for a finite resource, will be
likely to continue and reach around 1,400 cubic meters per
person by 2025, well below the 1,700-cubic meter per person
threshold that defines water stressed countries,” said the