By William M. Reilly UNITED NATIONS New
York (Xinhua) -- The UN Special
Investigation into deadly attacks on Tanzanian UN peacekeepers
in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) late last year
blames a single rebel group and faults the blue helmets’
leadership, the chief UN spokesman said on Friday.
The Alliance of
Democratic Forces (ADF) is suspected in the Dec. 7 attack that
killed 15 and wounded 43 UN peacekeepers from Tanzania at their
UN mission (MONUSCO) base in Semuliki, DRC, said spokesman
Stephane Dujarric. There is still one peacekeeper missing from
also covered two earlier attacks against MONUSCO peacekeepers
from Tanzania in nearby Mamundioma on Sept. 16 and Oct. 7, 2017,
The three attacks
were all in the Beni region of North Kivu.
Investigation team was led by former UN
Assistant-Secretary-General for Rule of Law and Security
Institutions, Dmitry Titov of Russia. The panel included
military and security experts, political and logistical officers
and two senior officers of the Tanzanian People’s Defense
The panel aimed at
establishing the circumstances leading to the attacks, evaluate
MONUSCO’s response and determine actions needed to prevent such
attacks from occurring again.
Investigation team concluded that the three attacks against the
UN peacekeepers were carried out using a similar modus operandi
(method of operation) and that all available evidence points to
the ADF as the attacker,” Dujarric said, quoting a Note to
Correspondents released Friday.
“The team found a
number of gaps in the training and posture of MONUSCO and its
Force Intervention Brigade (FIB),” it said. “Moreover, the
Investigation team noted that the Mission did not have an
actionable contingency plan to reinforce and extract its
peacekeepers during the attack.”
command-and-control, leadership and lack of essential enablers
such as aviation, engineers and intelligence were also major
obstacles and need to be addressed urgently,” the note said.
The team recommends
that MONUSCO, UN Headquarters and troop-contributing countries
should “actively pursue a strategy aimed at rendering the FIB
more robust, agile and better suited for offensive operations
especially in remote and difficult terrains,” the note said.
“Based on the
findings of the Special Investigation team, MONUSCO has updated
its Action Plan on Improving Security of Peacekeepers,” Dujarric
said. “It has installed perimeter lighting, upgraded the
communications infrastructure and enhanced the security
perimeters at several of its bases.”
Over 40 killed in ethnic
conflicts in northeast Democratic Republic of the Congo
BUNIA Democratic Republic of the Congo
(Xinhua) -- At least 40 people were
killed from Thursday night to Friday in the village of Maze
following inter-ethnic conflicts between the Hema and Lendu
communities in Ituri province in the Democratic Republic of the
Congo (DR Congo), according to the security and local sources.
According to the
security sources, most of the victims killed were from the Hema
ethnic group who were surprised by the Lendu assailants
attacking their village late at night.
The vice governor of
Ituri province told Xinhua that a security meeting is underway
between the authorities to determine the security situation.
Local sources of civil society and villagers contacted by Xinhua
also confirmed the information on the victims.
“The bodies of the
people killed that night in this village of Maze are still
outside, we want the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs of the
central government who is staying in Bunia to first come and see
these bodies of the victims before the burial so that they
realize the massacres that have been going on for a few months
in the territory of Ndjugu in Ituri, “said Jean Bosco Lalo,
president of the Ituri civil society.
For more than two
months, hostilities between Hema and Lendu in the territory of
Ndjugu have already caused the death of more than 100 people.
Thousands of houses are also burned and more than 60,000 people
have moved to Bunia, the capital of the province, but thousands
more have crossed into Uganda to find refuge, according to local
The authorities have
deployed the armed forces over the past week to support elements
of the police who are currently overwhelmed by the severity of
hostilities on the ground.
The UN High
Commissioner for Human Rights has described the situation in
Ituri as the human slaughterhouse where thousands of people are