NAIROBI (Xinhua) --
James Mwenda picks a bunch of
napier grass from a pile harvested from his three acres in Meru
County, eastern Kenya, and chops into small pieces using a chaff
He repeats the process several times before ending up with a huge
pile of napier grass cut into 2cm pieces.
The smallholder dairy farmer who keeps eight Friesian cows
thereafter spreads out the chopped napier grass on a plastic sheet
spread in a half-metre deep rectangular pit dug out in the ground.
Mwenda is in the process of making silage, and has perfected the
art that farmers visit him for theoretical and practical lessons.
"If you are a dairy farmer and you want to have feed supply
throughout the year, then silage is the way to go," he said recently
in Meru, adding that one spreads the chopped fodder on the sheet as
they stump on it to remove air and thereafter add diluted molasses
to aid in fermentation.
Later, the mixture is covered and would be ready for use after
about a month and can stay in the pit for up to a year.
The farmer normally makes silage that lasts him up to six months
cushioning his animals from a dry season.
Silage is a feed that hundreds of smallholder dairy farmers in
the East African nation are currently turning to beat erratic
weather and make their businesses profitable.
The farmers are learning the silage-making process from
colleagues or agricultural institutions as the country experiences a
rather unpredictable weather that has affected both crop and
This year for instance, the Meteorological Department predicted
that the long rains season would start in March and end in May.
However, in some parts of the country, the rains did not start
until late April and stopped even before the end of May.
The result is that crops in particular maize has withered in
several areas across the East African nation.
For dairy farmers, a prolonged dry period led to decline of
fodder, pushing farmers to hay that was going for up to 4 U.S.
dollars per bale.
A wheelbarrow of napier grass, on the other hand, was being sold
at 2.4 dollars, making dairy farming an expensive affair.
Silage is, therefore, the best option especially for smallholder
dairy farmers seeking to overcome effects of climate change.
"The trick is that you grow fodder like napier grass or maize
during the rainy season, and harvest and preserve to use during the
"If you perfect the practice, your animals will never lack feeds
thus guaranteeing you high milk production," explained Mwenda, who
milks 120 litres and sells at 0.3 dollars a litre to a cooperative
society in the region.
Esther Koech, a farmer in Uasin Gishu County in the Rift Valley
noted that currently she has two bunkers where she preserves her
"I have ten dairy cows, of which I milk eight.
"I learned it the hard way in 2015 when it failed to rain as
expected and animal feeds were hard to come by.
"My milk production dropped from about 20 litres per cow to ten
because I had no fodder.
"I had to sell my four animals to reduce the burden of feeding
them," she said.
She learnt how to make silage from a farmers’ group in the region
and since then, she has never turned back.
"Right now I have silage that my cows would feed until December.
"This gives me peace of mind since I am not worried of what they
'My highest milker offers 28 litres and my lowest 15 and this has
been constant for some time because of silage which I supplement
with dairy meal," she said, noting she feeds her animals twice,
early morning and late evening.
Simon Muriuki, a livestock extension officer in Kiambu on the
outskirts of Nairobi noted that without making silage, it is now
difficult for any farmer to run a profitable venture.
"Silage making is both an art and a science which farmers must
understand so that they do not affect their animals as improper
preparation can lead to diseases.
"The fodder should be harvested and dried in the sun for about a
day before being used to make silage," he said, adding the feed is
nutritious and digestible ensuring high milk production during the
The rising demand for silage has led to business opportunities
for some farmers, who make it in bulk and selling to those who do
not have spaces to make it or do not know how to do it.
Kenya hosts forum to promote youth participation in agriculture
NAIROBI (Xinhua) --
Kenya will next week hold a three day
national forum to discuss the participation of youth in critical
agricultural value chains including processing, storage and
marketing, an official said on Thursday.
Anne Onyango, a senior director in the ministry of agriculture
said the conference to be held from July 19 to 21 will explore new
ways to encourage youth to take up farming as a full time
"We have invited more than 500 youth to participate in the three
day conference that seeks to promote their involvement in
agri-business," Onyango said, adding that dozens of youth will
showcase technologies and innovations that are transforming farming.
Senior policymakers, industry executives and representatives of
multilateral agencies will attend the inaugural forum on youth’s
participation in agriculture.
Onyango said the conference will also provide a platform for
youth involved in agriculture to meet potential financiers and
clients for their produce.
"Executives from major banks will meet youthful farmers and
discuss areas of collaboration. The government has been encouraging
financial institutions to lend seed capital to young people who have
embraced farming as a career," said Onyango.
Kenya’s ministry of agriculture has partnered with multilateral
institutions to incentivize the youth to take up farming through
training and provision of capital.
Onyango revealed that the African Development Bank has agreed to
lend the Kenyan government 32 million dollars to promote the
participation of youth in agriculture.
"There are many partners who are keen to support our ambitious
agenda to transform agriculture through participation of the youth
who have technology and expertise that is required to realize that
goal," Onyango told reporters on the sidelines of a regional forum
on food security.
Representatives of multilateral agencies hailed the inaugural
forum on youth in agri-business, saying it marked a giant step
towards revitalization of a sector that contributes 24 percent to
Patrick Kormawa, the FAO Sub-Regional Coordinator said that
Kenya’s long-term vision of achieving hunger free status and
alleviating unemployment hinges on greater involvement of youth in