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More children suffer from malnutrition, disease in Somalia: UN

UNITED NATIONS, (Xinhua) -- As a possible famine looms, an increasing number of children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition, cholera or acute watery diarrhea in Somalia, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Thursday.

More than 35,400 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition were treated with life-saving therapeutic food at hundreds of nutrition centres across Somalia in January and February. That’s a 58 percent increase over the same period in 2016.

As of this week, more than 18,400 cases of cholera and acute watery diarrhea have also been reported since the beginning of the year, the majority of the cases involving young children.

UNICEF warns that during the 2011 famine, around 130,000 young children died; about half of them before the famine was officially declared.

“These numbers are a wake-up call,” Leila Pakkala, the UNICEF regional director for Eastern and Southern Africa, said after speaking with displaced families and patients at a cholera treatment centre in Baidoa, Somalia.

“Children are dying from malnutrition, hunger, thirst and disease,” Pakakala said. “During the 2011 famine, around 130,000 young children died, about half of them before famine was declared. We are working with partners around the clock to make sure that doesn’t happen again.”

There are no precise figures currently available for the number of children who have died due to hunger or malnutrition, in part because many succumb to disease and infection.

But children suffering from SAM are nine times more likely to die of disease than a well-nourished child. During the 2011 famine, the biggest killers were diarrhoea and measles.

Six years since famine was declared in parts of south-central Somalia, the country is once again on the brink of catastrophe.

This time the drought is more widespread, affecting Somaliland, Puntland and pastoral areas of Somalia, in addition to the centre and southern parts of the country, which were hardest hit in 2011.

The numbers of people at immediate risk are greater, and children are among the worst affected, the UN agency said.

In February, UNICEF projected that 944,000 children would be acutely malnourished in 2017, including 185,000 children suffering from SAM who would need urgent, lifesaving support.

That number could shoot up, even if the next rains due to start in April come on time, and in full.

UNICEF and partners have secured the pipeline of lifesaving supplies through June and are implementing a massive scale up plan.

UNICEF is working to extend the reach of both facility-based and mobile nutrition, water, sanitation and health services, and has teams in the hardest hit areas, working with local authorities, partners and communities to treat and prevent malnutrition,  acute watery diarrhoe (AWD) and cholera.

UNICEF Somalia has raised its 2017 funding requirement from 66 million U.S. dollars to 147 million U.S. dollars, with a funding gap of 54 percent as of mid-March.

“In 2011, funding poured in after the official declaration of famine in July,” said Pakkala. “This year, many donors have come forward early. But the worst may still be ahead of us. We have a small window to prevent a massive loss of life.”



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