Sudan (Xinhua) -- Extreme
levels of food insecurity are expected across South
Sudan through at least the first half of 2017, a food
security analysis released on Saturday shows.
The report by the Famine Early Warning Systems (FEWS
Net), an agency providing early warning and analysis on
food insecurity, says food availability is likely to be
lower than normal due to below-average production and
volatile trade, adding that very high prices will
further limit food access.
"Despite the ongoing harvest, levels of acute
malnutrition remain at Crisis and Emergency thresholds
in many counties," FEWSNet said.
"Given the likely early depletion of household stocks
and continued constraints to normal livelihood
activities, high levels of acute malnutrition are
expected to persist throughout the outlook period."
According to the report, humanitarian needs in the
country continue to rise due to more than three years of
civil conflict and economic decline.
It is estimated that about three million people have
been displaced, of which more than 1.2 million people
have fled to neighbouring countries as refugees, since
fighting between rival political factions first broke
out in December 2013.
In the absence of humanitarian assistance, the report
warns, some households in Northern Bahr el Ghazal and
Unity regions could exhaust their capacity to cope and
be in catastrophe.
The report says that continued emergency humanitarian
assistance and improved access is needed urgently to
In Unity, where over 50 percent of the population is
already internally displaced, ongoing conflict has
caused new displacements in Mayendit, Rubkona, and Leer
in December, it says.
The report says food insecurity is particularly
severe among internally displaced persons (IDPs) in
Leer, the majority of whom are displaced to nearby
swamps and lack access to food aid or basic health
"Although Unity hosts the largest number of IDPs,
internal displacement has increased most rapidly in
Greater Equatoria, where the number of IDPs has
increased 250 percent since July," it says.
The report reveals that many displaced households
lack access to their farms and are unable to harvest
second season crops.
Insecurity throughout Eastern Equatoria region is
forcing many to flee to Kenya, where the rate of refugee
arrivals increased from about 300 people per week in
September to over 1,000 people per week in November.
Conflict also continues to limit the delivery of
assistance in many other counties, including in areas of
Western Bahr el Ghazal, southern and central Unity, and
However, emergency assistance reached many households
in need in Lainya and Yei of Central Equatoria in
October and November, respectively.
South Sudan’s tax
department urges displaced officials to return
JUBA South Sudan (Xinhua) --
South Sudan’s tax department
on Friday urged about 159 officials displaced by the
more than three years of conflict to return to work and
boost the struggling customs department.
Acting Director General for Customs Service Akol Ayii
Madut told journalists in the capital of Juba that the
officials have abandoned duty leaving the tax body with
a huge human resource gap.
"We have 41 officers and 118 non-commissioned
officers and privates in custom service who have not
been reporting for work in their various duty stations
for a long time," Madut revealed.
Madut issued a two-week ultimatum for the absentee
officers outside the country and seven days for those
believed to be within the war-torn country to report to
their work stations.
He added that failure to respond to the directive,
will attract sanctions.
Madut also revealed that some of these officers are
believed to be living in the internally displaced
persons and refugee camps in neighboring countries.
"What I know is that some are in the camps in East
Africa, some are in Kakuma refugee camp. Now some are
calling us back by phone asking their salaries to be
sent to them," he revealed.
He added that the exodus of these officers has left a
human resource gap within customs department leading to
revenue shortfall for the government.
"We lack manpower due to absence of these officers
for over two years without replacement," he said.
In June, the International Monetary Fund urged oil
rich but yet impoverished South Sudan to build the
non-oil revenue sector in order to cushion the oil
dominated economy from shocks in the aftermath of more
than three years of conflict and fall in global oil
prices that has led to hyper inflation in the country.
Inflation reached 835.7 percent in October alone,
amid high prices of goods in the country with oil
production currently below 130,000 barrels a day
declining from the peak production of 350,000 barrels